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Rabbits are popular pets that capture the hearts of many with their charming behavior and gentle nature. However, before you provide a new home for rabbits, there are several important aspects to consider. From the necessary equipment to the configuration of the rabbit group – here you will find all the essential information to get started with rabbit care. 

Essential Equipment for Rabbit Owners  

White rabbit in a white house on a porch
image: Andres Ramos – vecteezy.com

Acquiring rabbits requires more than just a cage and some food. Here is a list of things you will need: 

  • A Spacious Enclosure: Rabbits need plenty of space to move around and hop. A small cage is not sufficient; an enclosure of at least 2 square meters per rabbit is recommended. 
  • Safe Exercise Areas: Rabbits should have the opportunity to roam, jump, and explore in a secured area daily. 
  • Shelter: Rabbits need a safe place where they can retreat. A protective hut or a special area in the enclosure that provides privacy is essential. 
  • Food and Water Bowls: These should be heavy enough so they cannot be tipped over. 
  • Hay Rack: For a constant supply of hay, which makes up the main component of the rabbit’s diet. 
  • Bedding: For the floor of the enclosure and to absorb urine. 
  • Toys: To entertain the rabbits and allow them to exercise, toys and activity materials are important. 

The Right Group Composition  

4 bunnies laying on a meadow
image: Antranias – pixabay.com
  • Rabbits are social animals that should not be kept alone. Keeping at least two animals is recommended. As for the group composition, here are some points you should consider: 
  • Number: Ideally, rabbits should be kept in pairs or small groups. Solitary confinement can lead to depression and behavioral disorders. 
  • Age: Young and older rabbits can have different energy levels. It is often best to pair rabbits of similar ages. 
  • Gender: The best combination is usually a neutered male and a female rabbit. Two females or two males can get along if they are neutered early and there is enough space available. 
  • Neutering: To prevent unwanted offspring and reduce aggression, it is important to neuter both males and females. 

Enclosure Design 

white rabbit sitting on hay in a barn
image: Andres ramos – vecteezy.com
  • An appropriate enclosure for rabbits should include the following elements: 
  • Space to Hop: Ensure that the enclosure provides enough space for the rabbits to express their natural behaviors such as hopping, jumping, and running. 
  • Safety: The enclosure should be secure to keep predators out and to prevent the rabbits from escaping. 
  • Flooring: A mix of different ground coverings such as soil, grass, and sand provides variety and resembles their natural habitat. 
  • Enrichment: Hiding places, tunnels, ramps, and chew sticks are important to prevent boredom and mentally stimulate the rabbits. 
  • Weather Protection: Protection from the sun, rain, and wind is essential, as is an insulated area for colder days. 


Keeping rabbits can be an incredibly enriching experience, provided it is approached with care and a sense of responsibility. A well-thought-out, spacious enclosure, the company of a fellow species, and attentive care are key to the happiness of your long-eared friends. By investing in the health and well-being of your rabbits, you create a foundation for a long, active, and content life. A responsible approach to your rabbits’ needs will not only enhance their quality of life but also greatly increase the joy they bring you. 

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